Improving the facies model for syn-eruptive fluvial successions: lessons from the Chaitén volcano and Blanco river, Chile.


  • Aldo Martín Umazano INCITAP (CONICET-UNLPam) / FCEyN de la UNLPam
  • Emilio Bedatou
  • Javier Marcelo Krause
  • Eduardo Sergio Bellosi
  • Pablo Martín Villegas


Typically, the stratigraphic record of syn-eruptive fluvial successions is a pyroclastic-rich one. It includes an alternation of braided channel deposits and sheet-like floodplain strata, in which the occurrence of paleosols with in situ trees and primary pyroclastic deposits is common. The participation of facies formed from sediment-laden flows is also a conspicuous feature in these successions. Nevertheless, the disturbances occurred in the chilean Blanco River in 2008, as a consequence of the large tephra influx from the Chaitén Volcano eruption, result in discrepancies with the mentioned conceptual background including the plan-view form and filling of channels, and lateral compositional changes along the river. These discrepancies would response to local conditions such as precipitation, vegetation, topography, and type and amount of available sediment. Furthermore, the connection between the Blanco River and the Pacific Ocean, adds an additional feature to syn-eruptive fluvial successions, represented by associated delta plain deposits composed of volcaniclastic sands.


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Umazano, A.M, Melchor, R.N., Bedatou, E., Bellosi, E.S. and Krause, J.M. (2014). Fluvial response to sudden input of pyroclastic sediments during the 2008-2009 eruption of the Chaitén Volcano (Chile): The role of logjams. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 54: 140-157.

Umazano, A.M., Krause, J.M., Bellosi, E.S., Perez, M., Visconti, G. and Melchor, R.N. (2017). Changing fluvial styles in volcaniclastic successions: A Cretaceous example from the Cerro Barcino Formation, Patagonia. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 77: 185-205.

Umazano, A.M. and Melchor, R.N. (2020). Volcaniclastic sedimentation influenced by logjam breakups? An example from the Blanco River, Chile. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 98: 102477.


2022-06-02 — Actualizado el 2022-07-05

Cómo citar

Umazano, A. M., Bedatou, E., Krause, J. M., Bellosi, E. S. ., & Villegas, P. M. (2022). Improving the facies model for syn-eruptive fluvial successions: lessons from the Chaitén volcano and Blanco river, Chile. Latin American Journal of Sedimentology and Basin Analysis, 29(1), 61-65. Recuperado a partir de



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